Inhalt des Dokuments
PROF. DR. BRIGITTE SCHULTE-FORTKAMP citizen of Germany , married, two sons Psychoacoustics, Noise Perception and Noise Effects, Soundscape
VICE PRESIDENT - Acoustical Society of America –May 2011-May 2012 acousticalsociety.org
DEGA Board Member (since Nov. 2012)
Best Paper Award für Jochen Steffens - PhD Student of Prof. Dr. Brigitte Schulte-Fortkamp TU ISTA (ODT, 19,3 KB)
DynASS-gefördert vom BMBF www.dynass-projekt.de
COST Action TD 0804 on Soundscape of European Cities and Landscapes www.cost.esf.org/domains_actions/tud/Actions/TD0804
ENNAH-European Network on Noise And Health www.ennah.eu
PSYCHOACOUSTICS AND NOISE EFFECTS
The application of psycho-acoustics in the process of noise evaluation of measurement technology is in the quandary of how to prove actually the pertinence of the measurement results in respect to the acoustic events of those under noise annoyance. There is not such a conclusive, cohesive theory of sound effects and sound evaluation, on the contrary it becomes all the more so increasingly evident how strongly subject-bound components come into play. This is a definite challenge as to the interdisciplinary nature of Physics, the Science of Technical Engineering, Psycho¬logy, Sociology, and Medicine etc. with regards to the analysis of perception and evaluation of ambient noises, effects of noises upon the human well-being, but also with regards and within the framework of the improvement of noise protection regulation.
Future Noise Policy is the key term that subsumes the current discussion as to the interdisciplinarity of the quintessential of Acoustics. Physical effects, determination of indices, dosage-effects, measurement procedures, and digitalization, noise-mapping, noise reduction are the focal points of the discussion integrated into the permanent efficacy of the evaluation. Mediating parameters are sought for the bi-polar constellation of “Noise and Health”.
The definite necessity to reduce the effects of strong noise annoyance is not the least reflected in the domestic and international statistics of noise victims. In most cases the noise victims are exposed not to one, but a negative synergetic cluster of sound sources such as noise deriving from streets, railways, airways in varying constellations and combinations.
So it is one of the most essential prerequisites to establish consensus that research into the causes and roots of noise annoyance needs predominantly to monitor and collect necessary data upon the context of activities, operations, or the disruption of said activities. It has to be ascertained how the complex context of passing judgment upon annoying or irksome noises can be adequately gathered into the framework of scientific data; special focus has to be put upon the how the issue can be differentiated with regards to individual noise events and collectively occurring clusters of noises: The measurement and analysis of noises, the detection of common and singular parameters in combination with the analysis of perceptional subjective parameters.
The targeted research areas at issue here are strongly application-oriented beyond their scientific pertinence; the subject-bound exigencies of immissions within the day-to-day ambience and residence need to be assessed through correlation and triangulation of data noise configurations and their psycho-acoustic parameters need to be collected and they need to be analyzed with regards to their synergetic effects with rapport to the disturbance effects and annoyance, and an adequate methodological procedure needs to be implemented.
The significance of criteria of subject-bound noise evaluation in their contextual interlacement has to be explicated, as well as the degree of contextual interdependence of the evaluation of noises which can be attributed to one source or several sources. Evaluations of ambient noise need to be put into the perspective of the dense texture of their daily life contexts within which they were experienced or are continuously experienced over and over again; judgments passed by tested individuals derive from the construction of daily-life situations and the regular norm expectations. This aspect is highly evident in questions regarding the concepts of evaluation of noise annoyance. The dependency of noise is especially apparent in the analysis of noise evaluation in intercultural comparisons. Evaluation and perception of noises, acoustic constellations postulate and require interdisciplinary procedures in order to match adequately and cover the contextual interlacements and exigencies like being provided in the current Soundscape research.
MAIN RESEARCH ACTIVITIES
Assessment of transportation noise related to annoyance and quality of life. The research activities are typically embedded in regional traffic planning and environmental living assessment activities.
Another focus is on assessment and management of changing soundscapes by means of psychoacoustics, acoustic ecology and person-environment-fit approaches.
Finally, research deals with the impact of noise on sensitive groups such
as noise sensitives in people, but also with comfort related issues concerning defined acoustical environments.
Department of Environmental Psychology, Osaka University, Osaka Japan 1995
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Toronto, Canada, September –December 1997
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, MA, RLE, Sensory Communication Group, 1998
Institute of Technical Acoustics, Technical University of Berlin, Guest Professor April – October 2000
Institut Jean le Rond d'Alembert Equipe Lutheries - Acoustique – Musique Université Pierre et Marie Curie/CNRS : Feb - April 2007 ; Feb - April 2008
Acoustical Society of America (ASA)
Acoustical Society of Japan (ASJ
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Akustik (DEGA) (German Society of Acoustics)
European Acoustics Association (EAA)
WORKING GROUPS, COMMITTEES
ASA Fellow 2003
Chair TC Noise ASA
JASA Associate Editor for Noise since October 2005
Editorial Board Acoustics Today –ASA since 2005
Product Manager NUNTIUS ACUSTICUS since 2001
Advisory Board Member, German Society of Acoustics (DEGA), since 2001
Chair, DEGA Technical Committee Noise: effects and Protection
Cochair, DEGA - Technical Committee Acoustics and Hearing, 1997 – present
Member , DEGA - Technical Committee Acoustics and Hearing, 1991- present
Member, Working Group to Community Noise I INCE (International Institute of Noise Control Engineering ), USA 1995 - present
Member, ASA Technical Committee Noise, 1996 – present
Member, ASA Technical Committee, Women in Acoustics, 1996 – present
Member , CIRE, ASA
Member Congress Selection Council since 2001
Member, Working Group on Measurements of Annoyance, Team 6, ICBEN
Member of extended Board EAA since 2001
Chair, Working Group ”Public opinion related work regarding noise and noise assessment” , 1995 – present
Organizer Noise Awareness Day in Germany since 1998 in cooperation with the International Noise Awareness Day organized by Nancy Nadler, USA
Technische Universität Berlin
Institut für Strömungsmechanik und Technische Akustik
Fachgebiete der Technischen Akustik, Sekr. TA7
Tel.: ++49 +30 314-24039
Fax.: ++49 +30 314-25135
Zimmer: TA 362